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Uses of metals and non-metals

Tutormate > CBSE Syllabus-Class 10th Chemistry > Uses of metals and non-metals

03 Metals and non-metals


  • Copper and aluminium metals are used in the making of electric wires, as they have very low electrical resistance and good electric conductivity.
  • Iron, copper and aluminium metals are used in the making of house-hold utensils and factory equipment.
  • Iron is used as a catalyst in the preparation of ammonia gas by Haber’s process.
  • Zinc is used for galvanizing iron to protect it from rusting.
  • Chromium and nickel metals are used for electroplating and in the manufacture of stainless steel.
  • The aluminium foils are used in packaging medicines, cigarettes and food materials.
  • Silver and gold are used to make jewellery, coins. The thin foils made of silver and gold are used to decorate sweets.
  • The mercury is used in the making of thermometers.
  • Sodium, titanium and zirconium are used in atomic energy that is nuclear energy and space science projects.
  • Zirconium is used in making bullet-proof alloy steels.
  • Lead is used in making car batteries.


  • Hydrogen is used in the hydrogenation of vegetable oils to make vegetable ghee 2. Hydrogen is used in the manufacture of ammonia, whose compounds are used as fertilisers.
  • Liquid hydrogen is used as a rocket fuel.
  • Carbon in the form of graphite is used for making the electrodes of electrolytic cells and dry cells.
  • Nitrogen is used in the manufacture of ammonia, nitric acid and fertilisers.
  • Nitrogen is used to preserve food materials.
  • Compounds of nitrogen like Tri Nitro Toluene (TNT) and nitroglycerine are used as explosives.
  • Sulphur is used for manufacturing sulphuric acid.
  • Sulphur is used as a fungicide and in making gun powder.
  • Sulphur is used in the vulcanization of rubber.

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