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Management of Natural Resources

Tutormate > CBSE Syllabus-Class 10th Biology > Management of Natural Resources

01 Management of Natural Resources



Pollution of the environment is a major problem and is increasing at an enormous rate threatening living beings like aquatic animals, birds and human beings.


Causes of environmental pollution:

  • Pollution is the introduction of pollutants into the air, water and soil.
  • The presence of these contaminants in the atmosphere have harmful effects on living beings.
  • Major causes of environmental pollution are burning of fossil fuels to power industries and vehicles. Also, waste is not properly disposed by both human beings and industries.
  • Management of natural resources is a system of controlling the use of natural resources in such a way as to avoid their wastage and to use them in the most effective way.



We need to manage our natural resources because of the following reasons:


  • Everything that we use are obtained from resources on the earth.
  • The most important source of non-renewable energy used extensively is the fossil fuels which have taken millions of years to be formed.
  • To overcome the growing needs of the present generation, the demand for the resources is increasing exponentially. Forests are cut down to meet the demand for housing.
  • Management of the natural resources would lead to a proper distribution and equal benefits from the resources, instead of being concentrated in the hands of a few.
  • Managing the resources ensure its rational use and put a limit to the degradation it is causing to the environment.


Objectives of Management of Natural Resources

The management of natural resources is aimed at achieving sustainability by creating a healthy equilibrium between the following factors that are correlated:

  • Social factors that include people, communities, etc.
  • Economic factors that include employment, money, etc.
  • Environmental factors like plants, animals, biodiversity, etc.

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