Carbon dioxide is released when fossil fuels are burnt. It is the main gas responsible for global warming causing increase in Earth’s temperature, melting of polar ice caps and flooding in low-lying areas.
Fossil fuels when burnt also release sulphur dioxide which causes acid rain resulting in destruction of crops and monuments made of bricks and marbles.
Impact on aquatic life
Drowning of oil tankers and ships cause water pollution in seas and oceans due to oil spills. This is destructive to aquatic life and causes imbalance in the ecosystem.
The fossil fuel reserves are limited and with the current rate of extraction, they are expected to be depleted within the next 30-40 years.
When coal, and petroleum based fuels (like petrol and diesel) are burnt, the products of combustion are : Carbon dioxide, Water Sulphur dioxide and Nitrogen oxides. And if combustion takes place in an insufficient supply of air (or oxygen), then some carbon monoxide is also produced.
We need to use fossil fuels (coal and petroleum) judiciously because:
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