In a democratic country, rights are entitlements of a citizen that apply regardless of their caste, creed or any other social or religious division.
Citizens’ Right in Saudi Arabia
- The country is ruled by a hereditary king and citizens cannot elect or change the ruler.
- The legislature and executive are selected by the king.
Ethnic massacre in Kosovo
- The people in Kosovo were mainly ethnic Albanian but the majority in the country were Serbs
- Miloselvic, a narrow minded Serb nationalist, won the election wanted the Serbs to dominate the country.
Why do we need rights in a democracy?
- Rights are essential to sustain democracy and protect minorities from oppression.
Right against Exploitation
- To prevent the exploitation of the weaker sections of the society, the Constitution laid down the right of Exploitation.
Right to freedom of religion
- Every citizen has the right to profess, practice and propagate the religion that he or she believes in.
Cultural and Educational Rights
- Any distinct language or culture followed by citizens can be conserved.
- Everyone should be given equal opportunities for admission to any educational institution maintained or aided by government.
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
This international covenant recognises many rights that are not directly a part of the Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution.
How can we secure these rights?
- Fundamental rights cannot be violated by any government institution or any law or action.