DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOAPS AND DETERGENTS
|Soaps are the sodium salts (or potassium salts) of the long chain of carboxylic acids (fatty acids). The ionic group in soaps is – COO-Na+||Detergents are the sodium salts of long chain benzene sulphonic acids or long chain alkyl hydrogen sulphates. The ionic group in a detergent is –SO3-Na+|
|Soaps are not suitable for washing purposes when the water is hard.||Detergents can be used for washing even when the water is hard.|
|Soaps are biodegradable.||
Some of the detergents are not biodegradable.
|Soaps have relatively weak cleansing action.||Detergents have a strong cleansing action.|
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